A tick bite can be dangerous to humans and should be found and removed as soon as possible. Ticks mainly transmit a range of diseases, in Slovenia mainly tick-borne meningoencephalitis (BSE) and Lyme disease. Both diseases can be very dangerous for humans. The viruses of these diseases can be transmitted to humans or animals via larvae, nymphs and sexually mature ticks. Although not all ticks are infected, it is advisable to protect yourself against them. After returning from a trip to the great outdoors, we need to take a closer look at our bodies. We also need to carefully screen children and teach them about ticks.
A tick naturally comes to a person and finds a suitable, tender spot on the skin. There are veins just under the skin, which is why the tick prefers to attach there. The tick bite is not felt by the host as its saliva has an anaesthetic effect. Because ticks are relatively small, people usually don’t even notice them. However, a bite from an infected tick does not always result in infection of the host. Infection can also take place without any signs of disease.
How do we protect ourselves?
Ticks are abundant at lower elevations, up to 600m above sea level, and fewer at higher elevations. The tick lurks at almost every turn in nature: on the lawn, in the playground, on footpaths and in the woods. That is why we need to protect ourselves rigorously against it. Wear lighter-coloured clothing that makes it easier to see the tick and protect as much of your skin as possible. Always apply or spray tick repellent appropriately. After returning home, we do a thorough check-up, especially behind the ears, scalp, navel, groin, shower and wash our heads. Clothes are also inspected and, if possible, washed. However, you can protect yourself against the more serious and unpleasant tick-borne diseases with a vaccine. However, this requires a consultation with your personal doctor.
How to Remove a Tick?
If a tick is found on your skin, remove it very carefully. How to remove a tick:
- Using a pair of pointed tweezers, grasp it as close to the skin as possible and pull it out in a steady motion.
- If part of the tick remains in the skin, remove that too.
- Do not use creams, oils or any other ointments to remove ticks.
More information on tick protection can be found on the National Institute of Public Health‘s website